Heb je een vraag? Neem gerust contact met ons op.


Telefoon: 050 - 36 11 113 (werkdagen van 8.00 - 17.00 uur)



Do you have a question regarding working with Lifelines? Please contact us, we're happy to help you.

Contact us


We voorzien media graag van informatie en we behandelen graag verzoeken voor interviews, opnames en beeldmateriaal.

Stuur een e-mail


Effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals and their interactions with genetic risk scores on cardiometabolic traits

Ubiquitous non-persistent endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have inconsistent associations with cardiometabolic traits. Additionally, large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have yielded many genetic risk variants for cardiometabolic traits and diseases. This study aimed to investigate the associations between a wide range of EDC exposures (parabens, bisphenols, and phthalates) and 14 cardiometabolic traits and whether these are moderated by their respective genetic risk scores (GRSs). Data were from 1074 participants aged 18 years or older of the Lifelines Cohort Study, a large population-based biobank. GRSs for 14 cardiometabolic traits were calculated based on genome-wide significant common variants from recent GWASs. The concentrations of 15 EDCs in 24-hour urine were measured by isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry technology. The main effects of trait-specific GRSs and each of the EDC exposures and their interaction effects on the 14 cardiometabolic traits were examined in multiple linear regression. The present study confirmed significant main effects for all GRSs on their corresponding cardiometabolic trait. Regarding the main effects of EDC exposures, 26 out of 280 EDC-trait tests were significant with explained variances ranging from 0.43 % (MMP- estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)) to 2.37 % (PrP-waist-hip ratio adjusted body mass index (WHRadjBMI)). We confirmed the association of MiBP and MBzP with WHRadjBMI and body mass index (BMI), and showed that parabens, bisphenol F, and many other phthalate metabolites significantly contributed to the variance of WHRadjBMI, BMI, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), eGFR, fasting glucose (FG), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Only one association between BMI and bisphenol F was nominally significantly moderated by the GRS explaining 0.36 % of the variance. However, it did not survive multiple testing correction. We showed that non-persistent EDC exposures exerted effects on BMI, WHRadjBMI, HDL, eGFR, FG, and DBP. However no evidence for a modulating role of GRSs was found.

Year of publication



The science of the total environment


Lu, X.
Xie, T.
van Faassen, M.
Kema, I.P.
van Beek, A.P.
Xu, X.
et. al.

Full publication

Click here to view the full publicationClick here to view the full publication